Difference Between Ceramic and Vitrified Tiles


Difference Between Ceramic and Vitrified Tiles

Tiles enhance the beauty of floors and walls. Various options are available in the market and they often confuse the customer while making-a-selection. Types of tiles having owned their sets of advantages and disadvantages and thus it tends to be really frustrating some time to conclude something after making the comparison. Vitrified and ceramic tiles are often compared as they both are widely used and therefore in this article, we will discuss the difference between these.

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1.Composition

Ceramic tile is made up of earthen clay and water.

Whereas the term vitrified means to convert into the glass-like substance, in this process of vitrification 40% clay and 60% silica is added. Vitrified tiles are made by a mixture of clay, silica, quartz and feldspar which is a constituent-minerals in the granite rock.

2. Look 

Ceramic tiles have a natural and earthen look in comparison to an artificial look of vitrified tiles.

Vitrified tiles have an artificial look as compare to the natural look of ceramic tiles.

3. Texture 

Ceramic tiles are comparatively rough and external glazed is applied for the glass lock.

Vitrified tiles are smooth and glossy. It will give you an aesthetic look and it is easy to clean.

4. Glazing

Ceramic tiles always glazed to be protection.
Vitrified tiles need not be glazed. Shine can be given with mention polish. 

5. Durability 

Ceramic tiles are less durable as compare to vitrified tiles.

Vitrified tiles are more durable as compare to ceramic tiles due to their glass-like surface.

6.Strength

Ceramic tiles are less strong than the vitrified tiles. Ceramic tiles have low flexural strength which is 20 N/mm2 and low breaking strength which is 200 N.

Vitrified tiles are stronger as compare to ceramic tiles. Vitrified tiles have high flexural strength 35 N/mm2 and high breaking strength that is 700 N.

7. Water Absorption

Ceramic tiles are very porous and hence absorbs water quickly so the use of ceramic tiles in the outdoor area will cause the tiles to develop cracks quickly.

Vitrified tiles are nonporous and hence the absorption of water is negligible, so it is most suitable for a wet area.

8.Frost Resistance

Ceramic tiles have low frost resistance hence these types of tiles absorb water quickly.

Vitrified tiles have high frost resistance because of its water absorption is low as compared to ceramic tiles.

Resistance to Scratches

Ceramic tiles have a low resistance to scratches, so the colour of ceramic tiles do not remain the same throughout its surface over in period-of-time.

Vitrified tiles have more resistance to scratches so even when tiles have scratched the colour of the tiles will remain the same.

10. Staining Resistance

Ceramic tiles have a low resistance to stains for example when oil falls on the surface of the ceramic tiles, it is difficult t remove to stain of the tile as compared to ceramic tiles due to the texture on top.

Vitrified tiles have high resistance to stain due to non-porosity, glossy finish, and also easy to clean.


11. Slip Resistance

Ceramic tiles are not as slippery as compared to vitrified tiles. Ceramic tiles can be treated to prevent slipping either by adding an adhesive

Vitrified tiles are very slippery as compared to ceramic tiles. Vitrified tiles are very slippery when wet.

12. Colour Resistance to UV light

In case of ceramic tiles, direct exposure to sunlight will cause to remove the colour of tiles frequently and the tiles may get fade over-a-period of time.

In the case of vitrified tiles, there is no effect of sunlight as the colour will remain the same over a period of time.

13 Cost

Ceramic tiles are cheaper compared to vitrified tiles.

Vitrified tiles are expensive when compare to the cost of ceramic tiles.

14. Maintenance

The maintenance of ceramic tile is not as easy as compared to vitrified tiles.

The maintenance of vitrified tile is easy because of its shining surface it is easy to clean.

15. Installation

Installation of ceramic tile is difficult as compared to vitrified tiles. Skilled labour is required.

Installation of vitrified tile is easy as compared to ceramic tiles. They do not require skilled labour.

16 Size

Usually, the ceramic tiles are available in smaller sizes as compare to vitrified tiles.

Usually, Vitrified tiles are available in size of 2’ × 2’ and more.

Also, read - 
Difference Between English Bond and Flemish Bond

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