Particle Board vs MDF – Difference Between MDF and Particle Board

Difference Between MDF and Particle Board

Solid wood is a prefered finishing material for all types of furniture but it comes with one disadvantage that is cost. Furniture manufacturer generally reduced the overall cost of their product by using MDF and Particleboard.

Both MDF and particle board are composite materials. The big advantage is that these wood-alternative are much less expensive and can be created with the level of consistency. So in this article, we are going to discuss the differences between MDF and Particleboard.

What is MDF Board?

The long-form of MDF is medium density fibre boards. these are made from wood fibre. These wood fibres are mixed with glue and it goes through a hot press machine which compresses the mixture and forms board.

Particle Board vs MDF - Difference Between MDF and Particle Board

What is Particle Board?

Particleboard is an engineered wood product made from Waste products like wood chips, sawdust and wood shaving. These are mixed with glue such as urea-formaldehyde resin and phenolic resin and this mixture is formerly compressed by pressing under heat and pressure to form particleboard.

Particle Board vs MDF - Difference Between MDF and Particle Board

MDF VS Particle Board

Parameters        MDF Board        Particle Board

Appearance
MDF has a smooth surface as it is made from wood grains of uniform size.Whereas particle board contains wood chips and wood-shaving hence it doesn’t have a smooth surface.

Density
MDF is denser than particle boardWhereas particle board has less density as compared to MDF.

Strength
MDF is stronger than particle board.Whereas particle board has less strength as compared to MDF.

Durability
MDF is fairly durable as compared to particle board.But particle boards are less durable as compared to MDF.

Voids
MDF doesn’t contain any voids.Whereas particle food contains voids.

Weight
 It heavier in weight than particle boards.Whereas particle boards are lightweight as compared to MDF.

Moisture
MDF has more resistance to water as it has fewer voids.Whereas particle board has less resistance to water as its soaks water like a sponge.

Painting
MDF can be painted easily.Whereas particleboard cannot be easily painted as it soaks paint.

Screw holding capacity
MDF has Low screw holding capacity as compared to particle board.whereas particle boards have more screw holding capacity as compared to MDF.
resistance to warping and crackingMDF has more resistance to warping and cracking as compared to particle board.Whereas particle board has low resistance to warping and cracking as compared to MDF.

Load carrying capacity
MDF has a good load carrying capacity as compared to particle boardWhereas particle board cannot support heavy loads.

IS code
The Indian Standard quality specification for MDF is IS:12406 and IS:14857.The Indian Standards quality specification for particle board is IS:3087 and IS12823.


Uses
MDF is preferred by manufacturers for high-end furniture like cabinets, shelves etc. it is also used for interior decor in restaurants and   homes.Particle board is commonly used in lower-end and lightweight furniture like shoe racks, portable furniture, children furniture, computer table and wardrobes etc.  


Lifespan
In a dry environment, MDF can last up to 10 years and if it is laminated then it can last up to 15 to 20 years.In case of particle boards, it can last up to 25 years in dry environment and if it is laminated then it can last up to 10 to 15 years.

Price
MDF boards are costlier as compared to particle board the price of MDF depends on thickness, quality and brand.Whereas particle boards are cheaper as compared to MDF.

Conclusion

Both MDF and particle board have some unique property and there set of advantages and disadvantages. The selection of a particular board depends on your need.

I have tried to cover all the differences between MDF and particle board, which will help you choose a suitable one.

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Thanks! for visiting.

Also, read

What is WPC Boards? Advantages,Disadvantages & Uses

Difference Between Veneer and Laminate

Difference Between Ceramic Tiles and Vitrified Tiles

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