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Difference Between Carpet Area, Built-up Area And Super Built-up Area
When we purchase a flat, and when we first meet with a builder or real estate agent, we know about some terminology like carpet area, built-Up area, super built-up area, loading, etc.
Every builder calculates the area of a property differently, so while buying a property, there is a lot of a disconnect between what we pay and what we get.
If we see the complaint filed in consumer court, the maximum number of cases is against builders for cheating.
The latest real estate act RERA (Real Estate Regulatory and Authority) act passed by the central government in 2016 has now made it mandatory to sell flats based on carpet area only because this is an area where many people get cheated.
What is Carpet Area?
The carpet area is also known as the net usable floor area. It is a space where one can spread a carpet. According to RERA, a carpet area is the net usable floor area of an apartment, including usable space like the kitchen, toilet, bathroom, and internal partition walls.
The carpet area excludes area covered by the external walls, service shaft, balcony, utility area, open terrace, lift and lobby, staircase, Veranda, flower bed, and clubhouse.
So, while buying property, look at the carpet area, then decide because that is the number that will give you an idea of the actual usable space.
What is a Built-up or Plinth Area?
Built-up Area = Carpet area + External Walls + Balconies + Service Shaft
The built-up area is also known as the plinth area. The built-up area includes carpet areas, balconies, and service shafts.
Built-up area excludes open terrace area, lift, shaft, staircase, clubhouse, swimming pool, etc. The roughly built-up area is approximately 10 to 15% more than the carpet area.
What is Super Built-up Area?
The Super built-up area is equal to the built-up area plus a share of common areas such as lobbies, staircases, lift shafts, clubhouse, air ducts, pipe ducts/shafts, and other covered common facilities.
Super built-up area excludes open areas such as play areas, gardens, parks, driveways, and roof terraces. The Super built-up area is 10 to 40% more than the carpet area.
The difference between the super built-up area and the carpet area is called loading. When a builder constructs a building, he constructs common areas like a clubhouse, lift lobby, staircase, etc., which all people in a building will use.
So, while deciding the price of a flat, he adds these common amenities in individual flats. This area is called the super built-up area.
After RERA, it has become mandatory for all the builders and developers to sell the flats based on carpet area and not based on super built-up area.
Before the year 2016, the builders used to sell flats based in super-built-up areas. So, builders were getting more money because of the super built-up area and, the government was also getting higher taxes in the form of stamp duty charges.
But the pain of the buyer was not limited to this, and the buyer will be paying the maintenance charges for the lifetime based on this built-up or super built-up area.
Previously, the carpet area on the basis the developer compute the property price was not specified. Every developer or builder had his calculation method for the carpet area.
Before RERA, the builder inflated the carpet area, due to which the property’s cost would also shoot up.
But now, the RERA has clearly defined the method of calculation for the carpet area. Therefore the builder will be unable to manipulate the carpet area calculation to increase the property prices.
I hope now you have a clear understanding of carpet area, built-up area, and super built-up area. If you find this information helpful, please be sure to share it.