Cement concrete may be defined as building material obtained by mixing cement, sand, aggregates and water in suitable proportion and then curing this plastic mixture to a hard mass.
It can be easily moulded to durable structure members. The volume of aggregates in concrete varies from 60 to 78%.
What is Grade of Concrete?
Concrete mixes are classified by their grade having specified crushing strength at 28 days as measured in standard conditions with a 150 mm × 150 mm × 150 mm size cube, which means the grade of concrete corresponds to its characteristic compressive strength.
M-20 shows the crushing strength of that cube having a size of 150 mm × 150 mm × 150 mm at 28 days is 20 N/mm2.
Concrete is graded or designated based on its compressive strength. Following IS 456:2000, it is graded into fifteen types as given in the table below.
|Group||Designation||Characteristic Compressive Strength Fck at 28 days (N/mm2)|
|Ordinary Concrete||M 10|
|Standard Concrete||M 25|
|High strength Concrete||M 60|
Grades of concrete are indicated by the letter M which means mix and, it is followed by a number that is the compressive strength of that concrete at 28 days in N/mm2.
Concrete Mix Ratio
The concrete mix ratio is the proportion of its ingredients like cement, sand, aggregate, and water. These mix ratios are defined based on the type of construction and required strength.
Although the IS Code gives nominal and standard mix ratios for different construction work based on experience and testing.
Type of Concrete Mix
- Nominal Concrete Mix
- Designed Concrete Mix
The Nominal concrete mix may be used for concrete of grades M5, M10, M15 and M20. The proportion of its ingredients is given below:
Grade of Concrete
|Maximum Quantity of Dry Coarse and Fine Aggregates by Mass per 50 kg of Cement (kg)||Proportion of Fine Aggregates to Coarse Aggregates by Mass||Maximum quantity of water per 50 kg of Cement (Litres)|
| M 5|
Generally, 1:2 but subject to an upper limit of 1:1.5 and a lower limit of 1: 2.5
The proportion of fine to coarse aggregates should be adjusted from the upper limit to the lower limit progressively, as the grading of fine aggregates becomes finer and the maximum size of coarse aggregate become larger. Graded coarse aggregate should be used.
Designed Concrete Mix
In designed concrete mixes, the proportion of ingredients of concrete is determined to obtain concrete of specified properties with the overall economy. Concrete is graded according to its compressive strength given in the table below:-
Different Types of Concrete Grade With Concrete Mix Ratio and Compressive Strength
Normal Concrete Grades
Standard Concrete Grades
High Strength Concrete Grades
Also, Read - OPC vs PPC - Difference Between OPC and PPC Cement
Uses of Different Grades of Concrete
Ordinary grade of Concrete
M 5, M 10, and M 15 are used for PCC (Plain cement concrete) work such as Levelling course, bedding for footing, etc.
Standard Grade Concrete
M 25, M 30, and M 35 are used for RCC ( Reinforced Cement Concrete ) like foundations, footings columns, beams, slabs etc.
M-40 grade is used for Pre-stressed concrete work, slabs, beams, columns, footing etc.
M45 and M50 grades are used for RCC, Runways, Concrete Roads( POQ ) Prestressed concrete girders, RCC columns, Prestressed beams etc.
M-55 grade is used for Pre-stressed concrete girders and piers etc.
High Strength Concrete
M-60, M-65, and M-80 are used for RCC work where high compressive strength is required such as high rise buildings, long Span bridges, ultra-thin white topping and spillways of dams, coastal construction etc.
So, friends, I hope now you understand the grade of concrete and their mix ratio. If you found this information helpful, please share it.
What is a grade of concrete?
Grade of concrete is the classification of concrete based on its compressive strength measured at 28 days in standard conditions with a 150 mm × 150 mm × 150 mm size cube.
What are the different types of grades of concrete?
As per IS456:2000, concrete is graded into 15 types: Ordinary Concrete M10, M15, M20, Standard concrete M25, M30, M35, M40, M45, M50, M55, and High strength concrete M60, M65, M70, M75, M80.
What are the 7 grades of concrete?
As per IS456:2000, the grades of concrete are as follows.
For Ordinary Concrete, M10, M15, M20,
For Standard Concrete, M25, M30, M35, M40, M45, M50, M55,
For High strength Concrete, M60, M65, M70, M75, M80.
What is the M20 grade of concrete?
In M20 concrete grade, the letter M stands for Mix, and the number 20 denotes its compressive strength in Mpa or N/mm2 at 28 days. That means the compressive strength of the M20 grade of concrete is 20 N/mm2.