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**How to Calculate Quantity of Cement, Sand and Water For Plastering**

The term plastering is used to describe the thin mortar covering that is applied on the surface of the wall and ceiling. The plastering removes the unevenness of the surface and sometimes used to develop decorative effects. Today in this article we will learn how to calculate quantity of material for plaster.

**Important Points For Estimation**

Density of Cement = 1440 kg/ m3

Density of Sand = 1450 – 1500 kg/ m3

Density of Aggregate = 1450 – 1550 kg/ m3

Quantity or Weight of Cement in 1 Bag = 50 KG

The volume of 1 Bag Cement in Cum = 0.03472 cubic meter

The volume of 1 Bag Cement in Cft = 1.226 cubic feet

Numbers of Cement Bags in 1 cum = 28.8 nos.

How many Cft in 1 Cum = 35.31 cft

**Calculation of quantity of material for 12 mm thick plaster of ratio 1: 6 (1 Cement:6 Sand) in the wall for 100 Sqm**

The volume of mortar = Area × Thickness

= 100 × 0.012

= 1.2

Adding 30% to fill up joints, uneven surface etc

Wet Volume of Mortar = 1.2 + 0.36

= 1.56 Cum

Increasing 25% for dry volume

Total Dry Volume = 1.56 + 0.39

= 1.95

= 2 Cum (say)

**Quantity of Cement** = 2/(1+6) × 1 **(1 Ratio of cement)**

= 0.30 Cum

In Kg = 0.30 × 1440 **(Density of cement = 1440 kg/m3)**

= 432 Kg

In Bags = 8.64 bags

**Quantity of Sand** = 2/(1+6) × 6 **(6 Ratio of sand)**

= 1.80 Cum

In Cubic Feet = 63.558 cft **(1 Cum = 35.31 cft)**

**Water Required ** = Cement quantity in Kg × 0.5 ** (water cement ratio = 0.5)**

= 432 × 0.5

= 216 Litres

**Alternative Method**

Quantity of Sand = Cement bags × Sand ratio ×1.226 (**Volume of one bag cement = 1.226 cft**)

= 8.64 × 6 × 1.226

= 63.55 cft

Similarly, The quantity of materials for other proportions may be calculated.

*Also, Read –**How to Calculate Cement, Sand and Aggregate Quantity in Concrete*?

**Material For 20 mm thick Plastering in the wall for 100 sqm**

As the thickness of plaster is more 20% of mortar may be taken to fill up the joints, unevenness etc.

The Quantity of wet Mortar = 100 × 0.02 + 20%

= 2 + 0.4

= 2.4 cu m

Increasing 25% for dry volume of mortar

Dry Volume of Mortar = 2.40 + 0.60

= 3.00 cu m

The quantities of each material of mortar may be found by the usual method as discussed above.

**Also, Read** – *Rate Analysis for Cement Plaster.*

**Rich Mortar**

For rich mortar plastering, the quantities of material will be less as the cement will be in excess than the voids in sand and the reduction in the volume of dry mortar will be less.

**Ceiling Plastering 12 mm thick for 100 sqm**

For plastering in RCC ceiling, the unevenness of surface will be less and 20% extra mortar may be taken to get even surface.

The quantity of wet mortar = 100 × 0.12 + 20%

= 1.2 + 1.4

= 2.6 cu m

Increasing 25% for dry volume

The dry volume of mortar = 1.44 + 0.36

= 1.80

The quantities of each material of mortar may be found by the usual method as discussed above.

**For 6 mm thick plastering in RCC, the quantity of dry mortar may be taken as 1.00 cu m.**

**Also, Read** – *Rate Analysis for Gypsum Plaster. *

**General Notes**

The ratio of Cement Mortar for Wall Plastering = 1:6

The ratio of Cement Mortar for Ceiling Plastering = 1:4

The thickness of the Internal Wall Plastering = 12 to 15 mm

The thickness of the External Wall Plastering = 15 to 20 mm

The thickness Plastering on Concrete Face = 6 to 8 mm

**Mode of Measurement For Wall Plaster As Per IS 1200 Part – 12**

- For opening less than
**0.5 square meters**, no deduction shall be made, and no addition shall be made for reveals, sills, soffits, jambs, etc., - For opening greater than
**0.5 square meters**but less than**3 square meters**, 50% or half ( one side) deduction shall be made, and no addition shall be made for reveals, sills, soffits, jambs, etc., - For opening bigger than
**3 square meters**, full deduction or 100% ( both side) shall be made, and addition should be made for reveals, sills, soffits, jambs, etc.,

When Internal and External plaster thicknesses are different, then addition for reveals, sills, soffits, jambs, etc., shall be made as follow.

- When windows are located at the wall’s external face, then added for reveals, jambs, soffits, sills, etc., shall be made as per internal plaster thickness.
- When windows are located at the wall’s internal face, then added for reveals, jambs, soffits, sills, etc., shall be made as per external plaster thickness.
- When windows are located at the wall’s middle face, then added for reveals, jambs, soffits, sills, etc., shall be made as per internal plaster thickness for inner and external plaster thickness for the outer side. If the opening fall under 0.3 to 5 square meter than 50% deduction shall be made from both side.

If there is no plaster done for reveals, sills, soffits, jambs, etc., then 100% deduction shall be made for all size openings.

**Plaster Material Claculator**

**Conclusion**

So, friends, I hope I have covered all the information about how to Calculate Quantity of Cement, Sand and Water for Plastering in this article.

If you learn something, please be sure to share it with someone who might benefit from it.

If you want to add any information which has missed in this article you can mention it in the comment section.

**Also, Read**

*Difference Between Cement Plaster and Gypsum plaster*

**How to calculate Brick, Cement and Sand in Brickwork?**

*How to Calculate Cutting Length of Stirrups For Beam and Column?*

**H***ow to Calculate unit weight of Steel bar*?

Thanks a lot

Please send me PDF documents for reference

This is wonderful, many thanks.

Thanks for your valuable feedback.

You can use plaster material calculator to solve this.

http://www.civillead.com/plaster-material-calculator/

very well written article. I am searching for these types of topics to read for a long time. You will find the same content on

Thanks for your valuable feedback. I grateful you find my content helpful.

I am so happy I found your blog and I absolutely love your information about how to calculate material for plaster and the tips you have shared are awesome. I liked and it is wonderful to know about so many things that are useful for all of us! Thanks a lot for this amazing blog!!

Thanks for your valuable feedback.

Thanks for valuable information

Thanks for your valuable feedback. I am grateful you find it valuable.

“Adding 30% to fill up joints, uneven surface etc”

you did not add 30% only you have mentioned I m confused pls shortout this

Thanks! for commenting.

30% of 1.2 = 0.36 which I have added to get the total wet volume of mortar that is 1.56, please check again.

I hope now your doubt is clear.

Thanks!

please sole how you calculate = 2/(1+6)*1

= 0.30

please let me know how

according me 2/7*1 =0.28

yes, you are right, 2/(1+6)*1 = 0.285, but we can consider it 0.30 for calculation.

I hope now your doubt is clear.

Thanks!

Wonderful sir

Thank

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Great post. Excellent tips and guides guys. Really helpful to improvise the plastering work. Waiting for more of yours. I have enjoyed reading your article about plastering services.

Glad you find it helpful! Jack

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How would I know that i will have to add 20 percent or 30 percentage of unevenness or depression or groove in walls for plastering sir please guide me

Generally, 30% (experimental factor) is added for uneven surface and joint fillup for calculating plastering materials quantity. It will give you near the exact quantity of the materials.

Thanks for the information shared, what air voids percentage when we have wet sandl for concrete.

Thanks! for your valuable feedback. Please see this article – https://www.civillead.com/how-to-calculate-materials-for-concrete/

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